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10 Most Popular Military Terms
To counter-attack by fire
(Mission/task Verb) Fires (direct and indirect) employed to destroy the enemy from a distance, normally used when the mission does not dictate or support occupation of the objective. This task is usually given to the supporting element during the offensive (see also support by fire position) and as a counter-attack option for the reserve during defensive operations. An attack by fire is not done in conjunction with a manoeuvring force. When given this task, the intent of the fires must be specified.
To Attack by fire position
(Mission/task Verb) Fires employed to destroy the enemy from a distance, normally used when the mission does not dictate or support occupation of the objective. This task is usually given to the supporting element during the offensive and as a counter-attack option for the reserve during defensive operations.
To follow and support
(Mission/task Verb) An operation in which a committed force follows and supports the mission accomplishment of a force conducting an offensive operation. Such a force is not a reserve but is committed to accomplish any or all of these tasks: destroy bypassed units, relieve in place any direct pressure or encircling force that has halted to contain the enemy; block movement of enemy reinforcements; secure lines of communications; guard prisoners, key areas, and installations; secure key terrain; and control refugees.
To cover - Security
(Mission/task Verb) Covering Force: A force operating apart from the main force for the purpose of intercepting, delaying, disorganizing, and deceiving the enemy before he can attack the force covered. Any body or detachment of troops which provides security for a larger force by observation, reconnaissance, attack, or defense, or by any combination of these methods.
To follow and assume
(Mission/task Verb) An operation in which a committed force follows a force conducting offensive operations and is prepared to continue the mission of the force it is following when that force is fixed, attrited, or otherwise unable to continue. Such a force is not a reserve but is committed to accomplish specified tasks.
To guard: Given to a a security element whose primary task is to protect the main force by fighting to gain time, while also observing and reporting information.
To withdraw under pressure
(Mission/task Verb) Most often used within a mobile defense concept of operations, this task verb is used for units within the main defensive area and is designed to deceive the enemy into believing he is gaining success. Ultimately, the effect of this task is position the enemy for destruction, shaping him into a specific piece of terrain (normally a killing zone) within the MDA.
(Mission/task Verb) Attack by a part or all of a defending force against an enemy attacking force, for such specific purposes as regaining ground lost or cutting off or destroying enemy advance units, and with the general objective of denying to the enemy the attainment of his purpose in attacking. In sustained defensive operations, it is undertaken to restore the battle position and is directed at limited objectives.
To support by fire position
(Mission/task Verb) Given to a manoeuvre element, it moves to a position on the battlefield where it can engage the enemy by direct fire. The manoeuvre element does not attempt to manoeuvre to capture enemy forces or terrain.
Military Occupation Code. Expressed as a 2 digit (officer) or a 3 digit (NCM) number.
(Mission/task Verb) A tactical task or obstacle effect (that integrates fire planning and obstacle effort) that breaks apart an enemy's formation and tempo, interrupts the enemy's time table, causes premature commitment of forces, and/or splinters their attack.
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Whilst British troops under Lieutenant-General Hope beseiged Bayonne, Wellington led his main force against the main French field forces in the south of France, commanded by Marshal Soult. Wellington launched his attack with 44,000 men against Soult's 36,000 men drawn up on a ridgeline at Orthes. Sir Rowland Hill led the right wing in a diversionary attack, whilst Sir William Beresford and Sir Thomas Picton led the main assaults on the left and in the centre. After initial successes, both Beresford and Picton's attacks stalled, but Wellington spotted an opening in the disjointed French lines, and himself led three battalions to exploit the weakness. The French defeat was completed by Hill, who had managed to get behind Soult and force him to run for a bridge before his escape route was totally cut. Wellington's victory secured the British presence on French soil, and opened up routes to Bordeaux, which promptly surrendered, and Toulouse.
During an action with Boers, Lance Corporal Farmer, a medical orderly, stood exposed to enemy fire, holding a white flag over a group of wounded men, in an effort to spare them further attack. The Boers kept up their fire, and Farmer was badly wounded in the arm holding in the flag. However, he rose again to his feet, and continued to hold high the flag with his other arm, until he was shot in that limb as well. His efforts to protect the men, at great personal risk, was recognised with the award of the Victoria Cross.
Nineteen years later, during the Boer War, troops from the West Yorkshire Regiment attacked up the northern slope of Terrace Hill, near Tugela in Natal. Their advance was met with a barrage of fire, and faltered. Captain Mansel-Jones braved the enemy fire to remuster his men, and, despite suffering a very serious wound, led them once more up the hill in a charge which took the Boer position. He received the Victoria Cross.
Surrender of Cronje at Paardeburg
OPERATION BITING - BRUNEVAL - No. 12 Commando
Start of the Battle of the Java Sea; 13 US warships sunk, 2 Japanese.
British commandos raid heavy-water plant in Norway
Canada posts army officer to staff of Supreme Allied Commander; first step in providing Canadian ground troops in Europe for NATO
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